Medical Laboratory Science

Director: Allyson D. Backstrom, PhD

Introduction

Medical Laboratory Scientists perform tests to help diagnose and treat disease and maintain wellness. Medical laboratory data is the basis of up to 80 percent of all medical diagnoses. Advances in technology and prescription medical treatment, the mapping of the human genome, and the aging of America’s population all contribute to the growing national demand for clinical lab professionals. Our program prepares graduates to analyze human blood, tissues and body fluids which aid in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. Medical Laboratory Scientists conduct such tests as typing and cross matching of blood and blood components, drug monitoring (for therapeutic and illegal drugs), identifying infectious microorganisms and their susceptibility to specific treatments, determining a patient’s genetic predisposition to a variety of inherited diseases, and identifying anemias, leukemia and other blood disorders. For a more detailed description of the program, faculty, facilities, academic and co-curricular opportunities please go to the Medical Laboratory Science website.  

The interdisciplinary curriculum of the Medical Laboratory Science major is concentrated in the natural sciences with special emphasis on biology and chemistry. Students take classes on campus for the first three years of the program and spend their senior year in a 51-week hospital based clinical internship. During the clinical internship, students study the full range of clinical laboratory fields including hematology, clinical chemistry, immunology, microbiology, histology and immunohematology.

At Canisius, this learning experience is one of quality and value enhanced by small class sizes. The full-time professors you will encounter are trained professionals who hold doctoral degrees in their areas of expertise. During the clinical internship, the faculty will consist of PhDs, pathologists, clinical laboratory scientists, and others recognized for their experience in the various sub-specialties of laboratory medicine.

To be successful in the profession, you must be licensed by the New York State Office of the Professionals. To learn more information about the licensure program please go to the NYSED website.

Qualifications

The program is a rigorous one, with very modest flexibility. The course offerings reflect the solid background in the sciences required for the internship experience. During the student’s junior year, application is made to accredited hospital schools of medical technology. The burden of acceptance into a hospital program rests with the students. Canisius currently affiliates with the Rochester General Hospital School of Medical Technology (Rochester, NY) and WCA Hospital School of Medical Technology (Jamestown, NY.) Students are enrolled as Canisius students while completing the hospital program. Because this program requires a competitive application into the hospital based clinical year, we recommend a minimum GPA of at least 3.00 with a strong performance in the upper level sciences.

Advisement

All students should have an advisor in the major and should contact the department directly to have an advisor assigned if they do not already have one.  Major advisors are normally assigned in the sophomore year, but may be requested in the freshman year to supplement a student's freshman advisor (their GRIF 101 facilitator). Meetings with academic advisors are required prior to students receiving their PIN for course registration each semester. All majors should work closely with their advisor in discussing career expectations, choosing their major electives, developing their entire academic program and planning their co-curricular or supplemental academic experiences.

General Education Requirements

All undergraduate students must complete either the Canisius Core Curriculum or the All-College Honors Curriculum.

Free Electives

Free electives are courses in addition to the Core Curriculum or Honors Curriculum and major requirements sufficient to reach the minimum of 120 credit hours required for graduation. Students may graduate with more but not less than 120 credit hours.

Major Requirements

(20 courses)

BIO 114
114L
Human Biology: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
and Human Biology: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory
4
BIO 111
111L
Introductory Biology I
and Introductory Biology Laboratory I
4
BIO 112
112L
Introductory Biology II
and Introductory Biology Laboratory II
4
BIO 211
211L
Biochemistry and Cell Biology I
and Biochemistry and Cell Biology Lab I
4
BIO 212
212L
Biochemistry and Cell Biology II
and Biochemistry and Cell Biology Lab II
4
BIO 307
307L
Microbiology
and Microbiology Laboratory
4
BIO 426
426L
Immunochemistry
and Immunochemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 111
111L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHM 112
112L
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
4
CHM 227
227L
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
4
CHM 228
228L
Organic Chemistry II
and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
4
MAT 141Inferential Statistics and Computers for Science4
Science Elective: Two upper level science courses approved by Director6-8
MDT 280
MDT 281
Seminar: Sophomore Level I
and Seminar: Sophomore Level II
2
MDT 380
MDT 381
Seminar: Junior Level I
and Seminar: Junior Level II
2
MDT 400
MDT 401
Hospital Rotation: Med Tech I
and Hospital Rotation: Med Tech II
30
Total Credits88-90

Learning Goals & Objectives

Student Learning Goal 1

Medical Laboratory Science majors will possess the scientific knowledge and laboratory skills to be competent and contributing members of the health-care delivery system. (Science)

Students will:
  • Objective A: Demonstrate foundational knowledge in inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, microbiology, immunology, and statistics
  • Objective B: Understand the components of the diagnostic process and the role of the clinical laboratory; and
  • Objective C: Perform and interpret results of clinical laboratory tests including: blood bank, urinalysis and other body fluids, chemistry, hematology, immunology, and microbiology.

Student Learning Goal 2

Medical Laboratory Science majors will effectively communicate audience specific medical and scientific information. (Communication)

Students will:
  • Objective A: Accurately record laboratory results;
  • Objective B: Effectively communicate laboratory results to others; and
  • Objective C: Use appropriate information to explain laboratory tests and results.

Student Learning Goal 3

Medical laboratory Science majors will demonstrate professional and ethical behavior. (Professionalism)

Students will:
  • Objective A: exhibit appropriate patient interaction and confidentiality;
  • Objective B: Objective B: adhere to safety guidelines and regulations; and
  • Objective C: demonstrate positive and constructive interactions with peers, medical team, and patients.

MDT 280 Seminar: Sophomore Level I 1 Credit

Introduction to the Clinical Science Laboratory profession from variety of perspectives: history, present state of health-care delivery, job opportunities, organization of hospital laboratory. Tour of hospital laboratory.

Prerequisite: permission of program director.

MDT 281 Seminar: Sophomore Level II 1 Credit

Continuation of MDT 280.

Prerequisite: permission of program director.

MDT 380 Seminar: Junior Level I 1 Credit

Advanced discussions of Clinical Science Laboratory theory and practice designed as preparation for senior-year hospital rotation. Tour of hospital laboratory.

Prerequisite: permission of program director.

MDT 381 Seminar: Junior Level II 1 Credit

Continuation of MDT 380.

Prerequisite: permission of program director.

MDT 400 Hospital Rotation: Med Tech I 15 Credits

A year-long, hospital based program. Students learn to perform, develop, evaluate, correlate and assure accuracy and validity of laboratory information in areas such as Clinical Chemistry, Hematology/Hemostasis, Immunology, Immunohematology/Transfusion Medicine, Microbiology, Urine and Body Fluid Analysis; direct and supervise clinical laboratory resources and operations; and collaborate in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.

Prerequisite: acceptance into a hospital-based clinical program.

MDT 401 Hospital Rotation: Med Tech II 15 Credits

A year-long, hospital based program. Students learn to perform, develop, evaluate, correlate and assure accuracy and validity of laboratory information in areas such as Clinical Chemistry, Hematology/Hemostasis, Immunology, Immunohematology/Transfusion Medicine, Microbiology, Urine and Body Fluid Analysis; direct and supervise clinical laboratory resources and operations; and collaborate in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.

Prerequisite: MDT 400.