Environmental Biology Minor

Coordinator: Katie Costanzo, PhD

The Environmental Biology minor is designed for students who want to focus on organismal biology, natural history, ecology and environmental science. It provides a broad preparation for entry into BS level positions in the environmental sciences and advanced study at the graduate level.

Minors are an important part of the undergraduate curriculum.  If students declare a minor by sophomore year, they can usually complete it in a timely manner.  Students should work with their advisor to determine if it is possible that the minor can be completed by graduation.  

To receive a minor, a student must complete at least 9 credit hours of coursework distinct from their major(s) and from other minors, and students must complete more than 50% of the coursework required for the minor at Canisius. Please note that “ancillary/supporting” courses required for a major may still count as distinct courses as long as the remaining coursework still meets the 30 credit-hours required for a major. For more information about minor policies, please see the Declaring Majors and Minors page in the catalog.

Requirements for the Environmental Biology Minor

The environmental biology minor requires BIO 320 (field ecology with its lab), at least one diversity class with its lab, and four additional upper-level biology classes, at least two of which must include the associated laboratory. Students may choose from the following classes:

BIO 320Field Ecology4
Diversity Course (must include its associated laboratory; see electives with footnote 1)4
4 electives (two must include the associated laboratory)14
Total Credits22

Environmental Biology Electives

BIO 305Medical Microbiology and its Ecological Basis 13
BIO 320Field Ecology (required of all students)4
BIO 322Conservation Biology3
BIO 335Plant Biology 13
BIO 343Entomology 14
BIO 360Environmental Health3
BIO 366Ornithology 14
BIO 370Plant Morphology 13
BIO 375Community Ecology3
BIO 377Freshwater Biology4
BIO 378Wetlands3